Swansea City Association Football Club is a Welsh professional football club based in Swansea, Wales, that plays in the Championship, the second tier of English football. Swansea City represents England when playing in European competitions, although they have represented Wales in the past.
The club was founded in 1912 as Swansea Town and joined the Football League in 1921. The club changed their name in 1969, when they adopted the name Swansea City to reflect Swansea's new status as a city. Swansea have played their home matches at the Liberty Stadium since 2005, having previously played at the Vetch Field since the club was founded.
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In 1912 the new football club adopted the same all white strip as Swansea RUFC and apart from a few seasons when black shorts were introduced, they have worn all-white for most of their career.
The crest adopted in 1985 featured a castle, from the city coat of arms, as well as the familiar swan, now with outstretched wings.
Two variations appeared in the Nineties before being replaced, in 1998, with an elegant, abstract design that proved far more enduring than any of its predecessors.
Swansea City's main rivals are Cardiff City, with the rivalry described as among the most hostile in British football. Matches between these two clubs are known as the South Wales derbies and are usually one of the highlights of the season for both sets of supporters.
It was only from the late 1960s that the rivalry became marked. Before then fans of the two clubs often had a degree of affection for their Welsh neighbouring team. To a lesser extent, Swansea City's other rivals are Bristol City, Bristol Rovers and Newport County.
Wilfred Milne (born 24 March 1899 in Hebburn-on-Tyne, Co. Durham) is an English former professional footballer. A one-club man, Milne spent his entire professional career with Swansea Town where he holds the club record for most appearances in the Football League. After winning the Northumberland Senior Cup, Milne signed for Swansea Town in May 1920 from local junior side Walker Celtic for the price of a fish tea and a cup of tea (2/9d). He became the clubs' first choice left back for the next sixteen seasons, making at least 30 league appearances in thirteen of those seasons, and was ever present in the 1930–31 season. Milne scored his first Swansea goal on his 501st appearance for the club, a penalty, and went on to score a further six goals.
Ivor John Allchurch MBE (16 October 1929 – 10 July 1997) was a Welsh professional footballer who played for Swansea Town, Newcastle United and Cardiff City, as well as the Wales national football team. Known as the "Golden Boy of Welsh football", Allchurch played as an inside forward, and began his career playing for his hometown side Swansea Town where he spent over 10 years, captaining the side for several seasons and scoring over 100 goals in all competitions. His two spells with Swansea saw him become the club's all-time top goal scorer. In 2005, a life-sized statue of Allchurch was unveiled outside Swansea's newly opened Liberty Stadium.
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