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Middlesbrough Football Club is a professional association football club based in Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire, England. They are currently competing in the EFL Championship, the second tier of English football.

They were one of the founding members of the Premier League in 1992 and became one of the first clubs to be relegated from it following the 1992–93 season. The club came close to folding in 1986 after experiencing severe financial difficulties before it was saved by a consortium led by then board member and later chairman Steve Gibson.

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Middlesbrough's original home kit upon election to the Football League in 1899 was a white home shirt with blue shorts and they did not adopt their colours of red and white until later that season. Previous kits included a white shirt with a blue and white polka dotted collar from around 1889.

The Middlesbrough kit has remained broadly the same over the years with a red shirt, either red or white shorts, and socks. The distinctive broad white stripe across the chest was introduced by Jack Charlton in 1973 (following an attempt to change the home shirt to a Leeds United-style white shirt) and brought back for a one-off in 1997–98 and then again for the 2000–01 and 2004–05 seasons due to popular demand. The club subsequently announced in December 2007 that the club would allow the fans to decide via an online and text vote whether the white band should return for the following season.

On 8 January 2008, the club announced that the white band was to return, with 77.4% of voters voting in its favour, with the fans to choose the final shirt design from a selection of three designs, of which the winner was announced on 7 May 2008.


The Middlesbrough crest has gone through four changes since the formation of the club. Initially, the badge was simply the town of Middlesbrough's crest with a red lion instead of a blue lion in order to fit in with the club's colours. Following the adoption of the white band on the shirts in 1973, only the red lion remained with the letters "M.F.C" underneath in red. This was further adapted following the reformation of the club in 1986 to a circular crest with the lion in the middle and the words "Middlesbrough Football Club 1986" around the circle in order to reflect this new era.

In 2007, Middlesbrough changed their crest again, this time with the lion inside a shield and the words "Middlesbrough Football Club 1876" underneath. The club stated that this was to reflect the club's long history and not just their post-liquidation status.

Middlesbrough supporters' main rivals are Sunderland (with whom they contest the Tees–Wear derby), Newcastle United (with whom they contest the Tyne–Tees derby), and Leeds United.

  • Division Two / Division One / Football League Championship: 1926–27, 1928–29, 1973–74, 1994–95. Play-off winners: 1987–88
  • Northern League: 1893–94, 1894–95, 1896–97
  • League Cup: 2003–04
  • FA Amateur Cup: 1895, 1898
  • Anglo-Scottish Cup: 1976
  • Record League win – 9–0 vs Brighton & Hove Albion, Second Division, 23 August 1958
  • Record FA Cup win – 11–0 vs Scarborough, 4 October 1890
  • Record League Cup win – 7–0 vs Hereford United, 18 September 1996
  • Record European win – 4–1 vs FC Basel, UEFA Cup, 6 April 2006
  • Record Away Win - 7-1 vs Blackburn Rovers, 29 November 1947 and Derby County, 29 August 1959
  • Most League wins in a season – 28 in the Third Division, 1986-87
  • Fewest League wins in a season – 5 in the Premier League, 2016-17
  • Record League defeat – 0–9 vs Blackburn Rovers, Second Division, 6 November 1954
  • Record FA Cup defeat – 1–8 vs Hebburn Argyle, 12 December 1896
  • Record League Cup defeat – 0–4 vs Manchester City, 21 January 1976
  • Record European defeat – 0–4 vs Sevilla, UEFA Cup, 10 May 2006
  • Record Home Defeat - Five goal margin 1-6
  • vs Arsenal, 24 April 1999 and 0-5vs Bury, 12 February 1910, Huddersfield Town 25 August 1962, Chelsea 18 October 2008, West Bromwich Albion 19 September 2009.
  • Highest transfer fees
  • Paid: Democratic Republic of the Congo Britt Assombalonga for £15m from Nottingham Forest July 2017. Brazil Afonso Alves for £12.8m from SC Heerenveen January 2008.
  • Received: Netherlands Marten de Roon for £13m from Atlanta August 2017
  • Brazil Juninho Paulista for £12m from Atlético Madrid July 1997
  • George Henry Camsell (27 November 1902 – 7 March 1966) was an English footballer who scored a club record 325 league goals in 419 games for Middlesbrough, and 18 goals in 9 appearances for England. His 59 goals in one season (1926–27) for Middlesbrough was a Football League record at the time, and has only ever be bettered within the English game by Dixie Dean of Everton in 1927-28. He also holds the highest goals-to-games ratio for England of anyone who has played more than a single international. During the Second World War, Camsell worked in local factories. After the war, he worked for Middlesbrough's backroom staff, firstly as a scout, where he discovered a young Brian Clough.

  • Wilfred James Mannion (16 May 1918 – 14 April 2000) was an English professional footballer who played as an inside forward, making over 350 senior appearances for Middlesbrough. He also played international football for England. With his blonde hair, he was nicknamed "The Golden Boy". He was arguably Middlesbrough's greatest ever player. After initially retiring as a player in 1954, Mannion subsequently joined Hull City. However, the Football League suspended him for articles he had written and he left to play non-league football with Poole Town. After his passing, Middlesbrough FC erected a statue of Mannion outside the Riverside Stadium.

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